• Anonymity for peer review: Ensure your identity and that of your co-authors is not revealed in the text of your article or in your manuscript files when submitting the manuscript for review. The following information can and should be provided separately during the online submission of the manuscript: the title of the article, abstract, name(s) of author(s), affiliation(s), and email addresses for correspondence.

• Language: The language of the manuscript must be English (either American or British standard, but not the mixture of both).

• Length of paper: The length of the paper should not exceed 25 pages (which includes the abstract, references and any tables or diagrams).

• Style: Articles should be typed in single-space (including references) using the APA referencing style. The font to be used should be Times New Roman, 12 point. Use margins of at least 2.5 cm (1 inch). Writing should be clear and concise, with objectives stated and terms defined. Arguments should be substantiated with well-reasoned supportive evidence. Relevant articles in the area being addressed should be reviewed. Such articles must be referenced accurately.

• Title: Use bold, Times New Roman, 16 font for your article title (at a maximum of 30 words), with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns.

• Authors' names: Give the names of all contributing authors on the title page exactly as you wish them to appear in the published article in Times New Roman, 14 font.

• Affiliations: List the affiliation of author and co- authors (department, university, city, country) in Times New Roman, 13 font followed by email addresses of authors as well as co- authors for facilitating manuscript processing.

• Abstract: A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 150 words). The abstract should state briefly the primary objective (the research questions addressed or any hypothesis tested); the research design; the methods and procedures employed; the number of subjects; the main outcomes and results; the conclusions drawn from these data and results, including their implications for further research or application/practice.

Keywords: Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 8 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of').

Headings: Indicate the level of the section headings in your article:
    • First-level headings (e.g. Introduction, Conclusion) should be in bold, with an initial
      capital letter for any proper nouns.
    • Second-level headings should be in bold italics, with an initial capital letter for any proper
    • Third-level headings should be in italics, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns.
    • Fourth-level headings should also be in italics, at the beginning of a paragraph. The text
      follows immediately after a full stop (full point) or other punctuation mark.

Tables and Figures: All tables and figures must be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals (e.g. Table I, Figure I) in the order of appearance in the text. The tables and figures must be self-contained with a descriptive title. Column heading of tables and figures should be brief and placed at the bottom of the tables and above figures. Ensure you have permission to use any figures you are reproducing from another source.

References : Author(s) should follow the latest edition of APA style in referencing. Please visit www.apastyle.org to learn more about APA style.

Reference List: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication.


Reference to a journal publication: Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J., & Lupton R. A. (2000). The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Scientific Communications, 163, 51-59.
Reference to a book: Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (1979). The elements of style. (3rd ed.). New York: Macmillan, (Chapter 4).
Reference to a chapter in an edited book: Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. (1994). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281-304). New York: E-Publishing Inc.
Reference to a web source: Smith, Joe, (1999), One of Volvo's core values. [Online] Available: http://www.volvo.com/environment/index.htm (July 7, 1999)

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